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Prevention of Cancer Through Diet and LifestyleBY: Ritu Choudhary | Category: Cancer Prevention | Submitted: 2010-10-10 18:29:24
A very innovative report was published in the year 2006 which bold headings saying, "Nutrition, diet, physical activity and cancer prevention: a global perspective" by the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF). Many researchers and international scientific groups have contributed to this report. This report on cancer shows that a number of common forms of cancer and how easily they can be prevented by simply changing the day to day lifestyle.
Food, nutrition, physical activity and cancer prevention
Scientific research shows that only a small proportion of the various forms of cancer is hereditary. Environmental factors are extremely important in cancer development and may be affected. These factors include:
# smoking and other tobacco use;
# infectious organisms;
# chemicals from industry and environmental pollution;
# medication, and
# various aspects of nutrition, diet, exercise and body composition.
There, the report that calls for healthier food, a healthy weight and exercise more so in the future, the risk of developing many cancers can be reduced significantly. Same recommendations on nutrition, diet and exercise are also available in reducing other common chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, obesity (overweight) and diabetes (diabetes).
This article gives you a top 10 recommendations for prevention of cancer by applying healthier lifestyle:
1. Body fat percentage: Be as lean as possible within the normal range of body weight.
2. Physical activity: Be physically active as part of everyday life.
3. Foods and drinks that promote weight gain: Limit consumption of foods with high energy and avoid sugary drinks.
4. Plant foods: Eat mostly foods of plant origin.
5. Animal foods: Limit intake of red meat and avoid processed meat, including meat.
6. Alcoholic beverages, limit your intake of alcoholic beverages.
7. Preservation, processing preparation: Limit salt intake, avoid moldy (e) corn or other cereals or legumes.
8. Dietary supplements: Set a goal to the nutritional needs through diet alone to achieve.
9. Breastfeeding: breast-feeding mothers and nursing children.
10. Cancer survivors: Follow the recommendations for the prevention of cancer
In these recommendations it is not specifically mentioned anything about smoking. However, the report stresses the importance of not smoking and avoiding exposure to tobacco smoke - passive smoking. Tobacco causes an estimated 20% of all cancer deaths, with an estimated total of 1.2 million smokers in 2002. Worldwide, approximately 80% of lung cancer cases in men and 50% in women can be related to smoking. There is also a relationship between smoking and many other cancers. Similarly, esophageal cancer and tumors in the head and neck (oral cavity, tongue, throat or larynx) is caused largely due to smoking. The risk of such tumors is further enhanced if the smoking is associated with (excessive) alcohol consumption. Furthermore, smoking is a risk factor for stomach, liver and pancreatic cancer, kidney and bladder cancer, cervical cancer and a type of leukemia, namely, acute myeloid leukemia
Body fat percentage
The evidence that overweight and obesity increase the risk of some cancers, is large. It concerns the following cancers:
* esophageal cancer (adenocarcinoma)
* endometrial cancer (endometrial carcinoma),
* pancreatic cancer,
* kidney cancer,
* postmenopausal breast cancer,
* probably gallbladder cancer
The report recommends that people shall be as lean as possible within the normal range of body weight. The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a medically responsible way to determine whether body weight is in proportion to one's height. The BMI is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms divided by the square of their height, ie height times length expressed in meters. A BMI between 18.5 and 25 is traditionally considered normal or healthy. A BMI below 18.5 is considered underweight, which is unhealthy. A BMI between 25 and 30 are called overweight, a BMI over 30 is called obesity and a BMI above 40 is extraordinary (morbid) obesity.
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